Category Archives: Knowledge / Seeking Knowledge
The Knowledge is Provisions from Allah. A precious benefit from the Noble Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy upon him):
Allah the High stated:
ومن يتق الله يجعل له مخرجا ـ ويرزقه من حيث لا يحتسب
“And whoever fears Allah, He will make a way out for him (from every difficulty) and provide for him from where he didn’t perceive. (Surah 65:2-3)”
The Noble Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy upon him) commented: That which is known, is that the attainment of the knowledge is from the best of the provisions. It is leaving from the restrictions of ignorance and its darkness into the vastness of knowledge and its light. Allah the High stated: “And whoever fears Allah, He makes for him ease in his affair.”
The attainment of the beneficial knowledge is from the greatest of the affairs of ease.
That’s because the student of the legislated knowledge reaches by way of his knowledge different aspects of good and the means of salvation which are not easy for the ignorant one (to reach).
[Source: Maj’moo’ al-Fataawa of the Shaykh V.1 Pg. 350. Translated by Abu Yusuf Khaleefah]
Studying in mixed schools, institutes and universities is not permitted.
The evils that exist in these institutions because of that mixing are no secret, let alone the fact that people do not learn much, if anything, in these institutions.
Wise people even in kaafir countries have called for segregation between the sexes in educational institutions because of the moral damage they have noticed and the weakening of educational standards.
Trustworthy have scholars have issued fatwas stating that this kind of education is not permissible.
The scholars of the Standing Committee said:
It is haraam for male and female students and teachers to mix in educational institutions, because of the fitnah and provocation of desires and immoral conduct that results from that.
The gravity of the sin is compounded if the female teachers and students uncover any part of their ‘awrahs or wear see-through or tight clothing, or if the students or teachers flirt or joke together, which may lead to transgression of limits and violation of honour.
Fataawa Islamiyyah, 3/102, 103
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked:
Is it permissible for a man to study in a mixed university where men and women mix in one classroom, knowing that the student has a role to play in calling people to Allaah?
What I think is that it is not permissible for anyone, man or woman, to study in a mixed school, because of the grave danger that it poses to his chastity, integrity and morals.
No matter how great a person’s integrity, morals and innocence, if a woman is sitting beside him on the seat – especially if she is beautiful and unveiled – he can hardly avoid fitnah and evil.
Everything that leads to fitnah and evil is also haraam and is not permitted.
We ask Allaah to keep our Muslim brothers safe from such things :
- which will only bring evil,
- fitnah and
- corruption to their youth.
If there is no other university apart from this one, he should go and study in another city or country where this mixing does not happen.
I do not think that this is permissible but others may have a different opinion.
Fataawa Islamiyyah, 3/103
We have already discussed the ruling on mixing in detail in the answer to question no.1200.
This is easy those who do not have the problem of mixed schools in their country or who have access to colleges and universities that are not mixed, so they have no need to study in mixed colleges. But there remains the question of those who are faced with the problem of mixed schools in their countries. What should they do, especially if that will affect their chances of earning a living or of getting married in the future, since if they do not study in these colleges they will not be able to find a job or get married.
In this case, there is no option, and the need is great, and when the need is great, the matter may come under the heading of necessity. This necessity may be taken into consideration, provided that the following conditions are met:
1- That there be no other place where he can study, even if it is in another country
2- That he cannot obtain this certificate by means of distance learning or studying via the internet, for example
3- That he goes to study in these mixed places seeking the help of Allaah to confront fitnah.
He should take care to lower his gaze as much as he can and not touch or shake hands with non-mahram women or be alone with them, and he should not sit right next to them.
He should advise the girls to sit away from the boys and adhere to other Islamic guidelines as well.
4- If he notices himself slipping towards haraam things and being tempted by those of the opposite sex who are with him, then the soundness of his religious commitment is more important than any worldly aims, so he has to leave the place immediately and Allaah will make him independent of means by His bounty. And Allaah is the One Whose help we seek.
And Allaah knows best.
There follows a list of colleges and universities that are not mixed:
1- The Medical College in Dubai
2- Al-Azhar University in Egypt
3- The Imam Muhammad ibn Sa’ood Islamic University in Saudi
4- Umm al-Qura University in Makkah al-Mukarramah
5- The Islamic University in Madeenah al-Munawwarah
6- The King Sa’ood University in Saudi.
Is it permissible for girls to go to school in order to get an education?
Praise be to Allah
- Learning nowadays is an urgent necessity for individuals and societies alike, and at the same time learning outside of institutions whose certificates are recognised is not acknowledged and is like having no education.
- If a person does not go to these educational institutions, he may be faced with some difficulties and hardships in his life which may well be detrimental to his interests to a large extent.
Whatever is proven to be in a person’s best interests, and for which there is nothing in Islamic teaching to indicate that it is not allowed, is something that is Islamically prescribed, and with regard to that which is Islamically prescribed, there is no differentiation between males and females, because that which is permissible for men is permissible for women, unless there is evidence for differentiating between them.
Shaykh al-Albaani (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
In fact the ability to read and write is one of the blessings that Allah, may He be blessed and exalted, has bestowed upon humanity, as is indicated by the verses in which He, may He be glorified and exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Read! In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists),
Has created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood).
Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous,
Who has taught (the writing) by the pen”
- It is like all other blessings that Allah has bestowed upon them, and wants them to use in obedience to Him.
- So it is not appropriate for parents to deprive their daughters of education, on condition that they take care to raise them with Islamic attitudes, as is obligatory upon them with regard to their sons also.
- There is no differentiation in this regard between males and females.
- The basic principle in this regard is that everything that is required with regard to males is also required with regard to females, and what is permissible for males is permissible for females, with no differentiation, as is indicated by the words of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him:
- “Women are the counterparts of men.” Narrated by ad-Daarimi and others. So it is not permissible to differentiate except on the basis of a text to that effect.
End quote from Silsilat al-Ahaadeeth as-Saheehah (1/347)
If a girl wants to study, she should strive to join a school where there is :
- no free mixing,
- whilst also adhering to Islamic rulings that require observance of hijab and
- covering, and
- not making a wanton display of herself or wearing perfume, and
- not mixing with men on her way to school.
Guardians of girls should try hard to provide a place where their daughters can learn that is free of things that are contrary to Islamic teachings, even if that requires paying fees or studying online or by enrolling in the unisersity but not attending on a daily basis, and the like.
Please see also the answer to question no. 127946
And Allah knows best.
Adorn Ourself with Honour
“Adorn yourself with honour and that which leads to it, such as
– good manners,
– a cheerful face,
– spreading the salaam (the salutation),
– showing forbearance,
– hating haughtiness,
– having self-esteem which is free from tyranny, and
– being gallant but not for the sake of zealous partisanship, and
– being fanatic without being patriotic.
Therefore, avoid the affairs that tarnish your honour, whether it be
– (in your) nature,
– speech, or actions; [and]
– also [indulging in] degrading actions, or
– evil habits such as: [being] conceited,
– showing off, boastfulness, arrogance, and
– looking down upon others, to be seen in doubtful places.”
From: The Etiquette of Seeking Knowledge, by Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd
A Forgotten Sunnah | Closing Ears With Fingers Upon Hearing Music
- Nāfi’ narrated that Ibn ‘Umar رضي الله عنهما heard the sound of a wind instrument playing.
- As a result of this he placed his fingers in his ears and turned his riding camel away from the road (on which the music was playing).
Ibn ‘Umar said: “Nāfi’ can you hear it?” I said: “Yes”. Ibn ‘Umar continued riding with his fingers in his ears until I said: “I can’t hear it anymore.” After that, Ibn ‘Umar removed his fingers from his ears and changed the road he was riding on.
Then Ibn ‘Umar رضي الله عنهما said: “I saw the Messenger of Allāh ﷺ place his fingers in his ears when he heard wind instruments and music playing.”
● [أبو داود ٤٩٤٣ ،احمد ٢\٨ ،صححه الألباني]
as-Suyūtī رحمه الله said the example of Nāfi’ is a proof that there is no sin upon the one who listens to music unintentionally.