Category Archives: Islamic History

Khadeejah has been preferred over the women of this Ummah


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Amongst the women reached a stage of perfection

Abu Musa al Ash’aree narrated that the Messenger of Allaah – صلى الله عليه وسلم- said: “A lot of men have reached a stage of perfection, but none amongst the women reached a stage of perfection except:

  • Maryam bint ‘Imraan and
  • Aasiyah the wife of Fir’aun, and the virtue of
  • ‘Aa-ishah

When compared to other women is as the virtue of meat when compared to stew.” [Collected by Bukharee and Muslim]

The Hadeeth established perfection for Aasiyah just as it established it for Maryam, …the meaning of ‘virtue’ in this Hadeeth has been explained clearly in what was narrated by al Bazzaar and at Tabaraanee on the authority of ‘Ammaar ibn Yaasir that the messenger of Allaah – صلى الله عليه وسلم – said:

Khadeejah has been preferred over the women of this Ummah, just as Maryam has been preferred over all the women of the world.”

A Hadeeth with a sound chain of narration which was used as evidence that Khadeejah is more virtuous than ‘Aa-ishah. [1]

Ibn at Teen stated:

“It could be that ‘Aa-ishah was not included here because she was only three years old when Khadeejah passed away, so it could be that what is intended by the Hadeeth are the women who reached puberty.”

However this viewpoint is weak, because the word ‘women’ in the Hadeeth is general and encompasses all women. [2]

An Nawawee states the summary of which is:

This Hadeeth has been used as evidence by those who claim that Maryam and Aasiyah were prophets, the majority of scholars however, are of the opinion that they are not.

Rather they are Siddeeqataan, Waliyataan from the Awliyaa of Allaah the Elevated, and a number of scholars have stated there is a consensus concerning this and Allaah knows best.

The term ‘perfection’ is used when something reaches its fullest and most complete state when compared to others like it, and what is meant by it here, is the most complete state in all virtues and all forms of goodness and piety.

The statement of the Messenger of Allaah- صلى الله عليه وسلم- :

“…and the virtue of ‘Aa-ishah when compared to other women is as the virtue of meat when compared to stew.”

The scholars explained;

Meaning the meat in any dish is more virtuous than its stew…and what is meant by its virtue is its benefit, being satisfied by it, the ease of digesting it, its delicious taste, and the ease a person finds in eating what he needs of it quickly and so on, so it is better than all the stew, and all other types of food.

‘Aa-isha has excess virtue when compared to other women just as meat has excess virtue when compared to stew.

There is no evidence in this Hadeeth that ‘Aa-ishah is more virtuous than Maryam and Aasiyah, because of the possibility that what is meant is her virtue over the women of the Ummah. [3]

[1] The scholars have differed as to which of the two is more virtuous, the preponderant stance being that each one (including Faatimah) has virtues over the other from different angles, and concerning the mention of other women in different time periods, then each one was the most virtuous during her time period and one should not delve into which one is better than the other.

A more in depth look a the most virtuous women can be found here.

[2] Fat-h al Baaree: Vol. 11 P. 130[3] Sharh Saheeh Muslim Vol. 8 P. 180

repost from  asifeq

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“Stay in your house, Allaah will bless you with martyrdom.”


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Have you ever heard of the woman who was given the title “the martyr”

even though she haven’t died a shaheeda [female martyr] yet… but she was known by this title and the Messenger of Allaah Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam along with the great Sahabah Radiyallahu Anhum would only address her with this title, the martyr?

Ma sha Allaah, and this woman didn’t even go and battled out in Jihad, for the when she tried to ask permission from Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam to go and join the battle of Badr with the intention to nurse and help out with medical attention the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam declined and told her;

“Stay in your house, Allaah will bless you with martyrdom.”

Do you have any clue now, who this blessed woman was?

Ma sha Allaah, yes, I am talking about Umm Waraqah Radiyallahu Anha, the woman who devoted all her life in increasing her closeness to Allaah Azza Wa Jall through living and dedicating herself with the Qur’aan.

By Allaah, this woman devoted her attention to the Noble Qur’aan reading it, memorizing it and following its teachings and rules, she has made it her main concern in all aspects of her private and public life, and through the Qur’aan she also attained a high and noble status.

Umm Waraqah was one of the earliest Ansari female companion that entered the fold of Islaam, she was of high and noble lineage and indeed she was a very wealthy woman, but her luxuries in life didn’t shun her from devoting herself solely to things that will bring her closely to Allaah Azza Wa Jall.

And we ask, how come she was called “the martyr” when she was alive throughout the prophethood of Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam, the caliphate of Abu Bakr Radiyallahu Anhu up to the caliphate of ‘Umar Ibn Al Khattab Radiyallahu Anhu?

Well, after that incident of her asking Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam to allow her to go for jihad and was declined and told to stay in her house for she will be blessed with martyrdom by Allaah Azza Wa Jall, she believed and obeyed.

Umm Waraqah Radiyallahu Anha stayed in her house and devoted her time to her scripts [surahs of the Qur’aan were written], reciting their verses with humbleness and piety. With the passing of each day, she increases in her closeness to Allaah Azza wa jall in her piety.

She asked for a mu’adhhin for her house one day, and the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam gave her one, and she allocated a section of her big house as a praying area, and she would make this place a place for halaqa and she would lead some Muslim women of her family and her female relatives or whomsoever who came to meet her in her house for prayers.

Umm Waraqah was not married, despite her nobility, wealth and everything she had, for she was deeply influenced by the picture of the bliss of Paradise that never changes or comes to an end, but she had one housemaid and one male servant who served her in her big house, but these two were not different to her, she treated them like a mother would treat her children.

She used to sleep every little in the night, despite her old age and in hours of darkness she would seek Allaah’s forgiveness and worship Him in humbleness, and every night she would pray and recite the Qur’aan unceasingly.

One night, a caller called, “Come to martyrdom, O’ Umm Waraqah! The time has come and your appointment with death is here! The earth is confined for you in spite of its vastness! What is with Allah is best and lasting! You certainly have nearness to Allah and good place of return!”

On that very night, her servant and the maid stood up and strangled Umm Waraqah to death, they then wrapped her in a piece of cloth and put her at a side of the house and fled.

‘Umar Radiyallahu Anhu, who was the Ameer ul Mu’mineen of that time, woke up for Fajr and observed something that attracted his attention, when he finished praying he went out and told the people, “By Allaah I did not hear the recitation of my aunty Umm Waraqah last night!”

It was by this that He came to her house in the company of some other Sahabah Radiyallahu Anhum to see what has happened to Umm Waraqah. When they entered, they found no one and they did not hear any movement. It was then that ‘Umar sensed that something happened to her!

And suddenly they found her wrapped in a piece of cloth, dead.

‘Umar Radiyallahu Anhu then said, “Allah and His Messenger said the truth!” and those who were with him echoed, “Allah and His Messenger said the truth!”

____

Subhan’Allaah! Did she die in vain? No she didn’t! For Paradise was her abode! What a beautiful and inspiring woman was Umm Waraqah! We pray to Allaah Azza Wa Jall that she accepts her and raises her status in Jannah! Amin

So many beautiful points to consider in this story, her love for Allaah Azza Wa Jall, her obedience towards the Messenger of Allaah Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam, her devotion to the Qur’aan, her dawah to other women and her kind treatment to her servants.

So much beautiful characters had Umm Waraqah bagged in her life! Ma sha Allaah, and her devotion to the Qur’aan was of great dedication, imagine, ‘Umar Radiyallahu Anhu noticed immediately something wrong when he didn’t hear the recitation of Umm Waraqah, so realize that she has been consistently doing this recitation every night,when some of us can’t even stand even listening to 3 minutes of recitation of the Qur’aan!

Wallahi, my brothers and sisters in Islam, these are the kind of people that we should be inspired from, people we should take our deen from, martyrdom isn’t just about going to battles, for we ourselves are already in jihad with our nafs.

I ask you all, to please mention the name of Umm Waraqah in your du’as in your next salaah, may Allaah Azza Wa Jall be truly pleased with her. Amin

-Umm Umar Khaled
_____

Excerpt from Women around the messenger of Allah, pp. 194-199

Maqaam Ibraaheem


Are the marks on Maqaam Ibraaheem the footprints of Ibraaheem or not?.

Praise be to Allaah.
Maqaam Ibraaheem (the Station of Ibraaheem) is the stone on which he stood when the building became higher than he could reach.

So his son put this famous stone there for him so that he could stand on it when the building grew tall… The footprints of al-Khaleel (Ibraaheem) remained on the rock until the beginning of Islam.

From al-Bidaayah wa’l-Nihaayah, 1/163

Ibn Hajr said: What is meant by Maqaam Ibraaheem is the stone on which are the marks of his feet.

Ibn Katheer said:

The marks of his feet were clear on it and were well known; the Arabs were familiar with that during their jaahiliyyah and the Muslims also knew of that, as Anas ibn Maalik said: I saw the Maqaam on which were the marks of his toes and heels.

But they disappeared because of people touching them with their hands.

Ibn Jareer narrated that Qataadah said: “ ‘And take you (people) the Maqaam (place) of Ibraaheem (Abraham) [or the stone on which Ibraaheem (Abraham) stood while he was building the Ka‘bah] as a place of prayer (for some of your prayers, e.g. two Rak‘at after the Tawaaf of the Ka‘bah at Makkah)’ [al-Baqarah 2:125 – interpretation of the meaning].

This means that they were commanded to pray at that place; they were not commanded to touch it. This ummah went beyond what was prescribed for it, to an extent that no previous nation did. We have heard from those who saw the marks of his heels and toes on it, but this ummah kept touching them until they disappeared.”

From Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 1/117

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said:

Undoubtedly Maqaam Ibraaheem is proven and that on which the glass enclosure is built is indeed Maqaam Ibraaheem. But the engraved marks that appear on it do not seem to be footprints, because what is well known from an historical point of view is that those footprints disappeared a long time ago.

But these engraved marks were meant as a marker only, and we cannot be certain that these are the footprints of Ibraaheem

Islam Q&A

The best book on the stories of the Prophets


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The name of a book that has not been distorted and is trustworthy, about the stories of all the Prophets.
Praise be to Allah.

In the Book of Allah, may He be exalted, you will find the truest, most beautiful and most trustworthy of stories, because it is the word of Allah, may He be exalted, which illuminated the world with its lessons and rulings.

Reading the stories of the Messengers and Prophets in the verses of the Qur’aan is one of the greatest ways of bringing benefits and good to the Muslim, let alone the immense reward that is attained by the one who ponders the Book of Allah, may He be exalted.

Hence we advise you to be keen to pursue this way of goodness, for the Muslim can never do without the Book of Allah, may He be exalted, no matter what other books he reads.

With regard to the books of the scholars about the stories of the Prophets, the best of them – as it appears to us – are the following:

1. Qasas al-Anbiya’ (Stories of the Prophets) by al-Haafiz Ibn Katheer (may Allah have mercy on him) (d. 774 AH).

This is perhaps the best of the books of the early scholars on this topic, as it is distinguished by compiling all of the verses having to do with the story of each Prophet in one place, and making connections between them by commenting on them and quoting hadeeths and reports that have to do with them.

It is an encyclopaedic and well organised book that discusses the lives of the Prophets, although it quotes rather too many reports that are not proven and some reports from Jewish sources (Israa’eeliyyaat).

However for the most part he points out the origin of these reports, and he states that he only quotes for the purpose of studying them and highlighting their status.

So we recommend you to read this book and study it. The one who wants to study these stories with the best annotation should read the book al-Bidaayah wa’n-Nihaayah (Dar Hajar edn., published under the supervision of Dr. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abd al-Muhsin at-Turki), because Qasas al-Anbiya’ is taken from the first chapters of al-Bidaayah wa’n-Nihaayah.

2. al-Ahaadeeth as-Saheehah min Akhbaar wa Qasas al-Anbiya’ (The saheeh hadeeths that speak of the lives and stories of the Prophets) was compiled and their isnaads evaluated by Ibraaheem Muhammad al-‘Ali (publ. by Dar al-Qalam in Damascus and Dar ash-Shaamiyyah in Beirut, 276 pages). It is a very useful book that is distinguished by the fact that it includes many hadeeths that speak of the stories of the Messengers and Prophets, and the material is organised with comments in a manner that complements these stories.

The author (may Allah have mercy on him) put a great deal of effort into selecting saheeh and hasan hadeeths and reports, and avoiding weak and fabricated material. This may be the best contemporary book on this topic.

3. Qasas al-Anbiya’ by al-‘Allaamah ‘Abd ar-Rahmaan as-Sa‘di (d. 1376 AH). This is a short book that is taken from his book Tayseer al-Lateef al-Mannaan fi Khilaasat Tafseer al-Qur’an, in which he recounts the stories of the Prophets as they were narrated in the Holy Qur’aan, in sequence, and he follows each story with a brief discussion of what we learn from it.

And Allah knows best.

Islam Q&A

The Prophet


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