Category Archives: Innovations in Religion and Worship

Mawlid al-Nabi (the Prophet’s birthday) – Innovations in Islam


Mawlid al-Nabi (the Prophet’s birthday) - Innovations in Islam

Mawlid al-Nabi (the Prophet’s birthday) – Innovations in Islam

 

Why some people accept and some unaccepted the celebration of the prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)? What is your opinion?

Praise be to Allaah.

There is nothing in the Qur’aan to say that we should celebrate the Mawlid or birthday of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). The Prophet himself (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not do this or command anyone to do it, either during his lifetime or after his death. Indeed, he told them not to exaggerate about him as the Christians had exaggerated about Jesus (upon whom be peace). He said: “Do not exaggerate about me as the Christians exaggerated about the son of Maryam. I am only a slave, so say, ‘The slave of Allaah and His Messenger.’” (Reported by al-Bukhaari). What has been reported is that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) made the day of his birth a day of worship, which is different to celebration. He was asked about fasting on Mondays, and he said: “That is the day on which I was born and the day on which I was entrusted with the Mission or when I was first given Revelation.” (Reported by Muslim, al-Nisaa’i and Abu Dawood).

Moreover, we know that the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) were the people who loved the Prophet most. Was it reported that Abu Bakr, who was the closest of people to him and the one who loved him the most, celebrated the birthday of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)? Was it reported that ‘Umar, who ruled for twelve years, or ‘Uthmaan, did this? Was it reported that ‘Ali, his relative and foster son, did this? Was it reported that any of the Sahaabah did this? No, by Allaah! Is it because they were not aware of its importance, or did they not truly love the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)? No one would say such a thing except one who has gone astray and is leading others astray.

Did any of the imaams – Abu Haneefah, Maalik, al-Shaafi’i, Ahmad, al-Hasan al-Basri, Ibn Seereen – do this or command others to do it or say that it was good? By Allaah, no! It was not even mentioned during the first and best three centuries. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said in a saheeh hadeeth: “The best of mankind are my generation (or my century), then those who come after them, then those who come after them. Then there will come a people who will not care if their testimony comes before their oath or vice versa (i.e., they will not take such matter seriously).” (Reported by al-Bukhaari, Muslim and al-Tirmidhi). The celebration of the Prophet’s birthday appeared many centuries later, when many of the features of true religion had vanished and bid’ah had become widespread.

Thus this celebration became a sign of one’s love for the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)? But can it be possible that the Sahaabah, the imaams and the people of the best three centuries were unaware of it, and it was only those who came later who were aware of its importance?! What the Qur’aan tells us is that love of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is demonstrated by following the guidance he brought. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Say (O Muhammad): ‘If you (really) love Allaah, then follow me, Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

Say: ‘Obey Allaah and the Messenger.’ But if they turn away, then Allaah does not like the disbelievers.” [Aal ‘Imraan 3:31-32]

The first aayah explains that love is just a claim, but the proof of sincerity is following what the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) brought. The second aayah reaffirms the importance and necessity of obeying Allaah and His Messenger. Hence Allaah ended the aayah with a very stern warning in which those who refuse to obey are described as kaafirs, and Allah does not love the disbelievers. We ask Allaah to keep us safe from that. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told us of the danger of not obeying him, and the danger of adding to what he brought. The celebration of Mawlid or his birthday is indeed an addition to what he brought – as all the scholars agree. He said: “The best of speech is the Book of Allaah, and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad. The most evil of things are those which are newly-invented (in religion), and every innovation is a going astray.” (Reported by Muslim and al-Nisaa’i).

We ask Allaah to protect us from bid’ah and to bless us by helping us to follow. Allaah knows best. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad.

Islam Q&A
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid

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Celebrating the night of the Isra’ and Mi’raaj | Innovations in Religion and Worship


Celebrating the night of the Isra’ and Mi’raaj | Innovations in Religion and Worship

Praise be to Allaah.

There is no doubt that the Isra’ and Mi’raaj (the Prophet’s Night Journey and Ascent into heaven) are two great signs of Allaah which point to the truthfulness of the His Messenger Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and the greatness of his status before Allaah. They are also signs of the great power of Allaah, and of His exalted position above His creation. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allaah) [above all that (evil) they associate with Him]

Who took His slave (Muhammad) for a journey by night from Al‑Masjid Al‑Haraam (at Makkah) to Al‑Masjid Al‑Aqsa (in Jerusalem), the neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammad) of Our Ayaat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily, He is the All‑Hearer, the All‑Seer”

[al-Isra’ 17:1] 

There are mutawaatir reports from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that he was taken up into the heavens, and their gates were opened for him, until he passed beyond the seventh heaven, where his Lord spoke to him as He willed, and enjoined the five daily prayers upon him. At first Allaah, may He be exalted, enjoined fifty prayers, but our Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) kept going back and asking Him to reduce it, until He made them five, so they are five obligatory prayers but fifty in reward, because each good deed is rewarded tenfold. To Allaah be praise and thanks for all His blessings. 

With regard to this night on which the Isra’ and Mi’raaj took place, there is nothing in the saheeh ahaadeeth to indicate that it is in Rajab or in any other month. Everything that has been narrated concerning a specific date for these events cannot be proven to have come from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) according to the scholars of hadeeth. Allaah has wise reasons for causing the people to forget it. Even if the date were proven, it would not be permissible for the Muslims to single it out for particular acts of worship, and it is not permissible for them to celebrate it, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and his companions (may Allaah be pleased with them) did not celebrate it and they did not single it out in any way. If celebrating it was something that is prescribed in Islam, the Messenger would have told his ummah about that, either in word or in deed. If any such thing had happened, it would have been well known, and his companions would have transmitted the information to us. They narrated from their Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) everything that his ummah needs to know, and they did not neglect any aspect of the religion, rather they were the first ones to do anything good. If celebrating this night had been prescribed in Islam, they would have been the first people to do so. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was the most sincere of people, and he conveyed the message to the people in full, and he fulfilled the trust. If venerating and celebrating this night were part of the religion of Allaah, then the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would have done that and would not have concealed it. Since no such thing happened, it is known that celebrating it and venerating it is not part of Islam at all. Allaah has perfected this ummah’s religion for it and has completed His favour upon them, and He condemns those who introduce things into the religion which Allaah has not ordained. Allaah says in His holy Book, in Soorat al-Maa’idah (interpretation of the meaning): 

“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion”

[al-Maa’idah 5:3] 

And Allaah says in Soorat al-Shoora (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Or have they partners with Allaah (false gods) who have instituted for them a religion which Allaah has not ordained?”

[al-Shoora 42:21] 

In the saheeh ahaadeeth it is proven that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) warned against bid’ah (innovation) and stated clearly that it is misguidance, so as to show the ummah how serious the matter is and put them off it. 

For example, it is narrated in al-Saheehayn from ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever introduces anything into this matter of ours that is not part of it will have it rejected.” In a report narrated by Muslim it says: “Whoever does any action that is not part of this matter of ours will have it rejected.”  

In Saheeh Muslim it is narrated that Jaabir (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to say in his khutbah on Friday: “The best of speech is the Book of Allaah and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). The worst of matters are those which are newly-invented, and every innovation is a going astray.” Al-Nasaa’i added with a jayyid isnaad: “and every going astray will be in the Fire.”  

In al-Sunan it is narrated that al-‘Irbaad ibn Saariyah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) delivered an eloquent speech to us which melted our hearts and caused our eyes to flow with tears. We said: O Messenger of Allaah, it is as if it is a farewell address, so advise us. He said: “I advise you to fear Allaah, and to listen and obey, even if a slave is appointed over you. Whoever among you lives will see many differences, so I urge you to adhere to my Sunnah and the way of the rightly-guided caliphs who will come after me, and cling firmly to it. Beware of newly-invented matters, for every newly-invented matter is an innovation and every innovation is a going astray. And there are many ahaadeeth with a similar meaning

Warnings against bid’ah (innovation) have been narrated from the companions of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and from the righteous salaf after them, because this is no more than adding things to the religion and instituting a religion that Allaah has not ordained, and it is an imitation of the enemies of Allaah, the Jews and the Christians, in their additions to their religions and introducing into them things that Allaah had not ordained. It also implies that there is something lacking in Islam, and that it is not complete, and it is well known that this leads to great mischief and evil, and goes against the verse in which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):  

“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion”

[al-Maa’idah 5:3] 

It also goes against the ahaadeeth of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) which warn against innovation (bid’ah). 

I hope that the evidence we have quoted will be sufficient to convince the seeker of truth that this bid’ah is wrong, i.e., the innovation of celebrating the night of the Isra’ and Mi’raaj, and that it is not part of the religion of Islam at all. 

Because Allaah has enjoined being sincere towards the Muslims and explaining what Allaah has prescribed for them in their religion, and because it is haraam to conceal knowledge, I thought that I should point out this innovation, which is so widespread in many regions that people think it is part of the religion, to my Muslim brothers. Allaah is the One Whom we ask to set the affairs of all the Muslims straight, and to bless them with knowledge of Islam, and to help us and them to adhere steadfastly to the truth, and to forsake everything that goes against it, for He is able to do that. May Allaah send blessings and peace upon His slave and Messenger, our Prophet Muhammad, and his family and companions. 

 

Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him).

 

Bid’ah and innovations in the month of Rajab


Bid’ah and innovations in the month of Rajab

Innovation in religion is one of the serious matters which go against the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not die until after the religion had been perfected. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“… This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion…” [al-Maa’idah 5:3]

It was reported that ‘Aa’isha (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours which is not a part of it, will have it rejected.” (Agreed upon).

According to a report narrated by Muslim: “Whoever does an action which is not a part of this matter of ours will have it rejected.”

 

Some people have innovated a number of practices in Rajab, including the following:

 

–         Salaat al-Raghaa’ib. This prayer became widespread after the first and best centuries, especially in the fourth century AH. Some liars fabricated this prayer, which is done on the first night of Rajab. Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

Salaat al-Raghaa’ib is bid’ah according to the consensus of the scholars of religion, such as Maalik, al-Shaafa’i, Abu Haneefah, al-Thawri, al-‘Oozaa’i, al-Layth and others . The hadeeth that is narrated concerning it is a lie according to the consensus of the scholars who have knowledge of hadeeth.

 

–         It was reported that major events happened in the month of Rajab, but none of these reports are true. It was reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was born on the first night of Rajab, and that he received his Mission on the twenty-seventh, or twenty-fifth of this month. None of this is correct. It was reported with an isnaad that is not saheeh from al-Qaasim ibn Muhammad that the Prophet’s Night Journey (al-Israa’) took place on the twenty-seventh of Rajab. This was denied by Ibraaheem al-Harbi and others. One of the innovations that take place during this month is the recitation of the story of the Mi’raaj, and celebrations to commemorate it on the twenty-seventh of Rajab, or singling out this night to perform extra acts of worship such as Qiyaam al-Layl or fasting during the day, or rejoicing and celebrating. Some celebrations are accompanied by haraam things such as mixing of men and women, singing and music, all of which are not permitted on the two Eids which are prescribed in Islam, let alone innovated celebrations. Add to that the fact that there is no proof that the Israa’ and Mi’raaj happened on this date. Even if it were proven, that is no excuse for holding celebrations on this date, because nothing of the kind has been reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or from his companions, may Allaah be pleased with them, or from any of the Salaf (early generations) of this Ummah. If it were a good thing, they would surely have done it before us. May Allaah help us.

–         Salaat Umm Dawood halfway through Rajab.

 –         The du’aa’s which are recited specifically during Rajab are all fabrications and innovations.

 –         Visiting graves specifically in Rajab is bid’ah, because graves are to be visited at any time of the year.

We ask Allaah to make us of those who venerate the things that He has made sacred and adhere to the Sunnah of the Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) outwardly and inwardly, for He is the One Whom we should ask and He is Able to do that. And the close of our request is: praise be to Allaah, the Lord of  ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinns and all that exists)

Islam Q&A

Fasting in the Month of Rajab…? | Innovations in Religion and Worship


 

Fasting in the Month of Rajab...? | Innovations in Religion and Worship

 

With regard to fasting the month of Rajab, there is no saheeh hadeeth to indicate that there is any special virtue in fasting all or part of this month. What some people do, singling out some days of Rajab for fasting, believing that they are better than others, has no basis in sharee’ah. 

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly: 

The month of Rajab is one of the sacred months of which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Verily, the number of months with Allaah is twelve months (in a year), so was it ordained by Allaah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are Sacred (i.e. the 1st, the 7th, the 11th and the 12th months of the Islamic calendar). That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein”

[al-Tawbah 9:36] 

The sacred months are: Rajab, Dhu’l-Qa’dah, Dhu’l-Hijjah and Muharram.  

Al-Bukhaari (4662) and Muslim (1679) narrated from Abu Bakrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The year is twelve months, of which four are sacred: three consecutive months, Dhu’l-Qa’dah, Dhu’l-Hijjah and Muharram, and Rajab Mudar which comes between Jumaada and Sha’baan. 

These months are called sacred for two reasons: 

1-     Because fighting therein is forbidden unless initiated by the enemy

2-     Because transgression of the sacred limits therein is worse than at other times. 

Hence Allaah has forbidden us to commit sins during these months, as He says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“wrong not yourselves therein”

[al-Tawbah 9:36]  

Although committing sins is haraam and forbidden during these months and at other times, in these months it is more forbidden. 

Al-Sa’di (may Allaah have mercy on him) said (p. 373): 

In the phrase “wrong not yourselves therein”, the pronoun may be understood as referring to twelve months. Allaah states that He has made them a measure of time for His slaves, which they may use for worshipping Him, and thank Allaah for His blessings, and they serve the interests of His slaves, so beware of wronging yourselves therein. 

The pronoun may also be understood as referring to the four sacred months, and this forbids them to wrong themselves in those months in particular, as well as it being forbidden to do wrong at all times, because it is more forbidden at this time, but it is worse at this time than at others. End quote. 

Secondly: 

With regard to fasting the month of Rajab, there is no saheeh hadeeth to indicate that there is any special virtue in fasting all or part of this month. 

What some people do, singling out some days of Rajab for fasting, believing that they are better than others, has no basis in sharee’ah. 

But there is a report from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) which indicates that it is mustahabb to fast during the sacred months (and Rajab is one of the sacred months). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Fast some days of the sacred months and not others.” Narrated by Abu Dawood, 2428; classed as da’eef by al-Albaani in Da’eef Abi Dawood. 

Even if this hadeeth were saheeh, it indicates that it is mustahabb to fast during the sacred months. So if a person fasts during Rajab because of this, and he also fasts in the other sacred months, there is nothing wrong with that. But singling out Rajab for fasting is not right. 

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (25/290): 

As for fasting in Rajab in particular, the ahaadeeth concerning that are all da’eef (weak), and in fact mawdoo’ (fabricated). The scholars do not rely on any of them. They are not among the da’eef ahaadeeth which have been narrated concerning virtues, rather most of them are fabricated and false. In al-Musnad and elsewhere there is a hadeeth which says that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) enjoined fasting the sacred months, namely Rajab, Dhu’l-Qa’dah, Dhu’l-Hijjah and Muharram, but this has to do with fasting during all of them, not just Rajab. End quote. 

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:  

Every hadeeth which mentions fasting in Rajab and praying during some of its nights is false and fabricated.” End quote from al-Manaar al-Muneef, p. 96 

Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said in Tabyeen al-‘Ajab (p. 11) 

There is no saheeh hadeeth that would count as evidence which speaks of the virtue of the month of Rajab, or that speaks of fasting this month or part of it, or of spending any particular night of it in prayer.  

Shaykh Sayyid Saabiq (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in Fiqh al-Sunnah (1/282): 

Fasting in Rajab is no better than fasting in any other month, except that  it is one of the sacred months. There is no report in the saheeh Sunnah to suggest that there is anything special about fasting in this month. Whatever has been narrated concerning that is not fit to be quoted as evidence. End quote. 

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked about fasting on the twenty-seventh of Rajab and spending that night in prayer. He replied: 

Fasting on the twenty-seventh of Rajab and spending that night in prayer is a bid’ah (innovation), and every bid’ah is a going astray. End quote. 

Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 20/440.

Warning /Clarification about the spread of innovated du’aa’s | hadeeth


 

Warning /Clarification about the spread of innovated du’aa’s | hadeeth

 

Praise be to Allaah.

In recent years we have – unfortunately – seen a serious spread of an abhorrent sin that is a major sin and one that dooms people to Hell, but many people are heedless of it, and thus their religious commitment is corrupted thereby, and they show a great deal of disrespect towards the Noble Messenger Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). This phenomenon is the spread of ahaadeeth that are falsely attributed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and the grave audacity to narrate things from him (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) without checking or verifying them. 

Hence we and every Muslim who feels a sense of pride in his religion must remind the people and tell them of the seriousness of what they take so lightly, and we must warn them of how bad the situation is, out of sincerity towards Allaah and to His Messenger and to the ordinary Muslims. 

So we say: 

Firstly: 

Our duty is to support the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and to love him properly by following him properly and protecting the purity of his sharee’ah at a time when the fools and haters are showing a great deal of disrespect towards him (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Undoubtedly one of the greatest ways of supporting the faith and honouring the Messenger is being truthful in narrating his words and reports from him, and rejecting the lies that are attributed to him. If we know that no one would accept to have words attributed to him that he did not say, then what should we think about the Messenger who received Revelation from Allaah, may He be blessed and exalted, and his eternal sharee’ah which came to set the affairs of all people straight until the Day of Resurrection? Undoubtedly he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is the one who would most hate to have lies attributed to him. Hence al-Mugheerah ibn Shu’bah (may Allaah be pleased with him) narrated that he said: “Lying about me is not like lying about anyone else. Whoever tells a lie about me deliberately, let him take his place in Hell.” Narrated by Muslim in the Introduction to his Saheeh (no. 4). Al-Haafiz Ibn Hibbaan included a similar hadeeth from Abu Hurayrah under the heading: Chapter: Inevitability of entering Hell for one who attributes anything to al-Mustafa (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) when he does not know whether it is sound. 

By Allaah, the Muslim is astounded when he sees people doing their utmost to avoid falling into blatant sin, such as cheating, backbiting, stealing or committing zina, then they treat this matter with such carelessness, thinking that it is insignificant when in fact it is very serious before Allaah. So you see them memorizing false ahaadeeth and narrating them in gatherings and on websites, and they do not take care to ask about that or to verify whether they are saheeh (sound). 

Secondly: 

Everyone who spreads a hadeeth without ascertaining whether it is saheeh – whether that is via a text message or in an internet forum or transferring it from one site to another or attaching it to an e-mail – should understand that he is deserving of that punishment in the Hereafter, both he and the one who fabricated the hadeeth in the first place. The crime of transmitting it without verifying it is like the crime of the liar who has the audacity to show disrespect towards the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). 

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever narrates a hadeeth from me thinking that it is false is one of the liars.” Narrated by Muslim in the Introduction to his Saheeh (p. 7). 

Al-Nawawi said, commenting on this hadeeth in Sharh Muslim (1/65): 

This is a stern warning against lying or taking part in narrating lies. The one who thinks that what he is narrating is mostly likely false but still narrates it is a liar; how can he not be a liar when he is narrating something that did not happen? End quote. 

Shaykh al-Albaani (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in Tamaam al-Minah (32-34): 

Many writers – especially in the current era – regardless of their madhhabs and specialities, narrate ahaadeeth that are attributed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) without pointing out which are da’eef (weak), either because they are ignorant of the Sunnah or they are too lazy to refer to the books of specialists. Abu Shaamah said in al-Baa’ith ‘ala Inkaar al-Bida’ wa’l-Hawaadith (p. 54): This, according to the scholars of hadeeth and of usool and fiqh is a mistake, and it should be pointed out if known, otherwise it comes under the warning in the hadeeth in which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever narrates a hadeeth from me thinking that it is false is one of the liars.” Narrated by Muslim. End quote. 

This is the ruling of one who keeps quiet about da’eef (weak) ahaadeeth about righteous deeds! So how about if it has to do with rulings and the like? 

It should be noted that the one who does that has to be one of two things: 

1 – Either he knows that these ahaadeeth are weak but he does not point out their weakness, so he is deceiving the Muslims and he definitely is included in the warning mentioned. Ibn Hibbaan said in his book al-Du’afa’ (1/7-8): This report indicates that the one who narrates something that is not saheeh from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), which is something fabricated about him and he know that, then he is like one of the liars, but the apparent meaning of the report is stricter than that. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever narrates a hadeeth from me thinking that it is false …” And he did not say ‘and he is certain that it is false’. So anyone who doubts whether what he is narrating is saheeh or not is included in the apparent meaning of this report. 

2 – Or he does not know that it is weak, but he is also sinning because he is attributing it to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) without knowledge, and he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “It is sufficient lying for a man to speak of everything that he hears.” Narrated by Muslim in the Introduction to his Saheeh (no. 5)  

So he has a share of the sin of the one who told the lie about the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) indicated that the one who speaks of everything that he hears – and the one who writes everything that he hears – will inevitably lie about him (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and thus he is one of the two liars, the first of whom is the one who fabricates it and the second of whom is the one who spreads it. 

Ibn Hibbaan also said (1/9): The report also contains a rebuke to the one who speaks of everything that he hears, unless he knows that it is definitely sound. End quote.   

Al-Nawawi stated that if a person does not know whether a hadeeth is weak, it is not permissible for him to quote it as evidence without examining it if he is knowledgeable, or asking scholars about it if he is not knowledgeable. 

End quote from Shaykh al-Albaani (may Allaah have mercy on him). 

Thirdly: 

What these people are falling into – when they spread ahaadeeth without checking or verifying – is very serious, as they spread what they fabricate far and wide and it is read by millions of people, and it is transmitted through many generations. The one who fabricated it and the one who helped him to spread it will bear that sin until the Day of Resurrection. 

It was narrated from Samurah ibn Jundub (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:  

“Last night I saw two men come to me … they said: ‘The one whom you saw with the side of his mouth being torn is the liar who tells lies that are conveyed from him until they reach the horizon; that will be done to him until the Day of Resurrection.’” Narrated by al-Bukhaari (6096). 

Fourthly: 

All we can do – in the light of all these warnings – is to remind ourselves and our Muslim brothers to fear Allaah with regard to our religion and sharee’ah, and not to be the cause of doom and corruption. Propagating false ahaadeeth is one of the worst means of corrupting religion; the Jews and Christians were only doomed when they fabricated lies against Allaah and His Messengers, and they attributed things to their religions that the Messengers did not bring, thus they incurred the wrath and anger of Allaah. 

Does these people who are so careless about fabricating ahaadeeth without verifying them want to be included with those with whom Allaah is angry and whom He has cursed?! 

Would anyone want to be a tool for the propagation of corrupting material, or to help the heretics who tell lies against our sharee’ah and our Prophet?! 

Or would he work to propagate ahaadeeth without checking them to imitate groups that follow misguidance such as the Raafidis who have filled the world with lies against the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and the members of his household?! 

Do these people realize that their prayer, fasting and worship will not avail them anything before Allaah and will not ward off from them the shame and sin of that lie, if they take part in propagating these false ahaadeeth?! 

There may be a sin that a person commits, taking it lightly, but it will cause him to fall into the Fire and be the cause of his doom. 

Abu’l-Wafa’ ‘Ali ibn ‘Aqeel al-Hanbali said: 

Our Shaykh Abu’l-Fadl al-Hamdaani said: Those who introduce innovations in Islam and fabricate ahaadeeth are worse than the heretics, because the heretics want to corrupt the religion from without, but these people want to corrupt it from within. They are like the people of a city who want to spread evil and corruption inside it, but the heretics are like those who are besieging it from without, and those evildoers within are able to open the gate to the enemy. They are more dangerous to Islam than those who do not claim to be Muslims. End quote. 

Quoting from al-Mawdoo’aat by Ibn al-Jawzi (1/51). 

Fifthly: 

After all of that there comes to you one who apologizes for his mischief and spreading false ahaadeeth by saying: The weak ahaadeeth may be quoted as evidence with regard to righteous deeds. 

But he should understand that this is the deception of the shaytaan, and it is a sign of sophisticated ignorance; the one who says this will increase his burden of sin. This principle, which was mentioned by some scholars, is subject to a number of conditions, which must be followed by the one who wants to apply it. They are: 

1-    The hadeeth should have to do with righteous deeds for which there is a basis in sharee’ah, and not with matters of ‘aqeedah, rulings or reports on which fiqh and actions are based. It should not have to do with righteous deeds for which there is no basis in sharee’ah.

2-    It should not be very weak (da’eef). It is not permissible to narrate or act upon mawdoo’ (fabricated) and munkar ahaadeeth, according to scholarly consensus.

3-    It should not be believed that it can be attributed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

4-    The one who narrates the hadeeth should state clearly that it is weak, or he should indicate its weakness by using phrases to indicate that it is weak: it was narrated, it was said, and so on. 

These conditions are derived from the words of al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar in his book Tabyeen al-‘Ajab and some of them were narrated from al-‘Izz ibn ‘Abd al-Salaam ibn Daqeeq al-Eid. 

So those scholars who follow this principle do not say that it is permissible to do what these people are doing by publishing every hadeeth and every report in the chat rooms, whether it is saheeh or false or da’eef (weak). 

Shaykh al-Albaani (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in Tamaam al-Minah (36): 

Unfortunately we see many of the scholars – let alone the common folk – neglecting these conditions, so they act on the basis of a hadeeth without knowing whether it is saheeh or da’eef, and if they know it is weak they do not know to what extent – is it slightly weak or is it so weak that it may not be accepted? Then they demonstrate that they are accepting it and acting upon it as if it were a saheeh hadeeth . Hence there are many acts of worship done by Muslims which are not valid, and which distract them from valid acts of worship which were narrated with sound isnaads. End quote. 

Sixthly: 

If a person repents from propagating false ahaadeeth or he finds out that what he was doing is haraam after he was unaware of the ruling, then the door of repentance is open, but it is subject to the condition of disclosure after concealment, and correction after corruption. 

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Except those who repent and do righteous deeds, and openly declare (the truth which they concealed). These, I will accept their repentance. And I am the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful”

[al-Baqarah 2:160] 

Hence every Muslim should propagate saheeh hadeeth instead of false and fabricated ones. The books of the saheeh Sunnah are filled – by Allaah’s grace – with proven ahaadeeth which if a man were to spend his life memorizing and studying them, he would hardly be able to do it. It is sufficient to find a scholar of hadeeth who has judged a hadeeth to be saheeh and acceptable, so let him accept it from him and propagate the hadeeth along with the scholar’s ruling on it. 

And Allaah knows best.

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