Category Archives: Hajj / Umrah

Allaah has given the Muslims a Qiblah (direction of prayer) which they face when they pray (salaah) and offer supplications (du’aa’), wherever they may be. This qiblah is the Ancient House (the Ka’bah) in Makkah al-Mukarramah:

“so turn your face in the direction of Al-Masjid Al-Haraam (at Makkah). And wheresoever you people are, turn your faces (in prayer) in that direction [al-Baqarah 2:144 – interpretation of the meaning]

Because the Muslims scattered all over the world, and Islam calls people to be united and get to know one another, just as it calls them to co-operate in righteousness and piety, to recommend one another to the truth, to call people to Allaah and to venerate the rituals of Allaah – hence Allaah has made it obligatory for every sane, adult Muslim who has the means, to visit His Ancient House, to circumambulate it and to perform all the rituals of Hajj as explained by Allaah and His Messenger. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) to the House (Ka‘bah) is a duty that mankind owes to Allaah, those who can afford the expenses (for one’s conveyance, provision and residence); and whoever disbelieves [i.e. denies Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah), then he is a disbeliever of Allaah], then Allaah stands not in need of any of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists)” [Aal Imraan 3:97]

What to do if you are not going for Hajj ?


The first ten days of Dhul-Hajj are the most beloved to Allah. The Prophet testified to that.

He said: “There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these ten days.” (Bukhaari)

WHAT ACTIVITIES IN THESE 10 DAYS WILL BRING THE REWARD OF JANNAH? Obviously, Hajj is one of the best deeds that one can do during these ten days. However for those of us who were not invited to His House this year, there are still many, good deeds that one can do and earn the Pleasure of Allah. Some of these are:

1) Fast all nine days and especially fast the Day of ‘Arafah

The Prophet (PBUH) said: “Anyone who fasts for one day for Allah’s pleasure, Allah will keep his face away from the (Hell) fire for (a distance covered by a journey of) seventy years.” (Bukhari, Muslim)

The Prophet (PBUH) used to fast on the ninth day of Dhu’l-Hajj and he said: “Fasting the Day of ‘Arafah (ninth Dhul-hajj) is an expiation for (all the sins of) the previous year and an expiation for (all the sins of) the coming year.”  (Muslim)

2) Do a LOT of Dhikr and Takbeer 

The Prophet (PBUH) said: “There are no days on which good deeds are greater or more beloved to Allah than on these ten days”, so recite much Tahleel (saying Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah), Takbeer (saying Allahu akbar) and Tahmeed (saying al-hamdu Lillaah).” (Ahmad -Saheeh)

Ibn ‘Umar and Abu Hurayrah used to go out in the marketplace during the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah, reciting Takbeer, and the people would recite Takbeer when they heard them. (Bukhaari)

Takbeer at this time is a Sunnah. So recite it in the masjid, in your home, on the street and every place where it is permitted to remember Allah. Revive the Sunnah that have been virtually forgotten and earn great rewards for doing so.

The Prophet said: “Whoever revives an aspect of my Sunnah that is forgotten after my death, he will have a reward equivalent to that of the people who follow him, without it detracting in the least from their reward.” (Tirmidhi- a hasan hadeeth)Men should recite these phrases out loud, and women should recite them quietly.

3) Stand in Night Prayers: (Tahajud, Qiyam al Layl)

Remember the virtues of spending the night in prayer, and its sweetness in Ramadan? Why not revive this beautiful act of worship during these nights as well?

Remember, how in the last third of every night, Allah Almighty calls out to us, His servants: Is there anyone to invoke Me, so that I may respond to his invocation?

Is there anyone to ask Me, so that I may grant him his request? Is there anyone seeking My forgiveness, so that I may forgive him? (Bukhaari, Muslim)

Why do we miss this golden opportunity? So, seize the chance NOW and expose yourself to His Divine Generosity and Mercy, ask Him to forgive you and guide you and set things aright. He will surely listen.

4) Make Sincere Repentance.

One of the most important action during these ten days is to repent sincerely to Allah and to give up all kinds of disobedience and sin right away because we do not know when we will die and thus become unable to repent, and also because one evil deed leads to another.

But what does ‘repentance’ mean? It means that you come back to Allah and give up all the deeds, open and secret, that He dislikes…. that you regret whatever you did in the past, giving it up immediately and be determined never ever, to return to it, and resolve to adhere firmly to the Truth by doing whatever Allah loves.“But as for him who repented, believed and did righteous deeds, then he will be among those who are successful.”[Al-Qasas 28:67]

5) Come back to the Qur’aan

It is time now to dust off your copy of the Qur’aan and return to its refuge. Make it a daily habit, using these 10 days the beginning of a strong and beautiful relationship with it. Read it with meaning, reflect on it, understand it, and then implement it in your daily life.

Remember that reading one letter of the Qur’aan earns you ten rewards. In this way, reading Surat Al-Fatihah, which doesn’t take more than two minutes, will give you more than one thousand rewards! This is on ordinary days, so what about these magnificent days!

Certainly the reward will be far greater, Insha Allah.

6) Increase ALL the types of good deeds.

If we are unable to go to Hajj this year, we should occupy ourselves in the worship of Allah; pray extra prayers (Nafil) recite the Qur’aan. Make Dhikr of Allah, send Salaams on the Prophet, make dua, give charity, honor our parents, uphold ties of kinship, enjoin what is good and forbid what is evil, and add other good deeds and acts of worship during these days.“So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom, shall see it; And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom, shall see it.”  [Al-Zalzalah 99:7-8]

7) Get the reward of Hajj wherever you are:

You may be unable to do Hajj this year, and you may feel sad. However, you can get the reward of it right where you are.The Prophet said: “Whoever prays Fajr Prayer in congregation, and then sits and remembers Allah until the sun rises, then (after a while) prays two rak’as, he will gain a reward equal to that of making perfect Hajj and Umrah.”  [He repeated the word “perfect” thrice.] (At-Tirmidhi)

8. Slaughter an animal and distribute the meat. 

Ibn Umar said: The Prophet lived in Madeenah for 10 years and every year he slaughtered an animal.” (Ahmad-Saheeh by al-Albaani)

9) Attend Eid prayers

But remember that Eid prayer is a form of worship and we should avoid unislamic behavior (especially) in dress and in etiquette during these times.

10) Thank Allah. One of the best forms of worshipping Allah Subhaanahu wa Ta’ala is to thank Him, deeply, sincerely and continuously. Alhamdulillah, there is much to be gained in these coming days. Hasten to do good deeds and striving hard in worship .

“And worship your Lord until there comes unto you the certainty (death).” [Al-Hijr 15:99]

Adapted from: Perfect days for perfect Ibaadah

By Asma bint Shameem

Tala’a al-badru ‘alayna, Popular but Unreliable !

Tala’a al-badru ‘alayna,   Popular but Unreliable !

In Madeenah Singing and Drumming Welcomed the Prophet – SalaLlaahu alayhi wa sallam?

Popular but Unreliable Stories Series IV Part I

As children in the Madrasah, we were delighted to be told that scintillating crowds of men and women thronged the streets of Madinah on the event of the arrival of the Prophet, Muhammad (sallallaahualayhiwasallam) to the city, singing “their welcome in a song that even now is sung by Muslims in memory of that happy day” that:

“Tala’a al-badru ‘alayna; min Thaniyyatil-Wadaa’/ wajaba ash-shukru ‘alaynaa; maada’aa li-llaahidaa’in” [meaning: The full moon has appeared before us; from the departure mountain-pass/ We must give thanks; whenever the supplicant beseeches Allah].

However, this age-long, immensely popular rhyme is a baseless ascription to the event in its chain and text!

According to the great scholar of hadith, HafidhIbnHajar al-Asqalaanee, the song has been related by AbooSa’eed in Sharaf al-Mustapha and al-Khal’ee inal-Fawaaid with a chain of reporters on the authority of ‘Ubaydullah bin ‘Aa’isha who narrated the story. [Fath al-Baaree 7/326].

Similarly, Imam al-Bayhaqee (rahimahullah) cited it in Dalaail an-Nubuwwah (2/506-7). [See al-Bidayah wan-Nihaayah 2/202, Silsilat ad-Da’eefah 2/63]. But ‘Ubaydullah bin ‘Aa’isha, on whose authority the story was reported is a 10th category reporter; i.e., those who did not even meet the Tabi’een.

He died 228 years after the Hijrah and was as such, at least 120 yrs away from the event of the Hijrah making absolutely clear, the wide broken link between the narrator and the narration.


a. HafidhIbnHajar (d. 852 AH) ruled that, “It is a Mu’dal, Faulty, chain.” [Fath al-Baaree 7/327].

b. His teacher, Hafidh al-‘Iraaqee (d. 806AH) also said, “The statement of Ibn ‘Aa’isha is Mu’dal, Faulty; it cannot be depended on as evidence.” [Al-Mawaahib al-Laduniyyah 1/313].

c. Imam Muhammad Naasiruddeen al-Albaanee [d. 1420] said, “…but it isMu’dal, Faulty; three or more reporters are missing in the chain of report…” [Silsilat ad-Da’eefah 2/63]. See also, TahreemAalaat at-Tarb (pg. 123).

d. Dr. AkramDiyaa al-‘Umaree said, “As for those reports which show that he was welcomed with the song: Tala’a al-badru ‘alayna; min Thaniyyatil-Wadaa’, no authentic chain has transmitted that.” [As-Seerat an-Nabawiyyah as-Saheehah 1/219].

e. Dr. Anees bin Ahmad al-Indoneesee after a detailed study of the chains of report that transmitted the rhyme in a separate research work concluded that, “It becomes clear from a detailed analysis of the chains of report that transmit the rhyme that it is not authentic because its chain is unreliable and the text is irregular.” [Tala’a al-badru ‘alayna: DiraasatunHadeethiyatun li al-Khabar wan-Nasheed pg. 43].

f. Shaykh Muhammad bin Abdullah al-‘Ushan included this rhyme in his book:Maashaa’awalamyathbut fee as-Seerat an-Nabawiyyah (Popular But Unreliable Reports Cited in the Prophet’s Biography) pg. 87-90.

As regards its text, Shaykh Muhammad bin Muhammad Hasan is among the researching scholars who analyzed the text of the rhyme and concluded that, “the rhyme is flimsy and fragile, it does not befit the style of speech of the period to which it is ascribed; it is perhaps, among the poems of the third century after Hijrah.”

He also queried, “How could the people of Madeenah have said:…sharrafta al-Madinah [meaning – you came to honour Madinah] while Madinah was only so named after Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahualayhiwasallam) arrived there?! 

Its name which they knew amongst them then was Yathrib!” [Tala’a al-badru ‘alayna: DiraasatunHadeethiyatun li al-Khabar wan-Nasheed pg. 12-13].

So, even though it is popular, it is not reliable to ascribe this rhyme to the event of the Prophet’s Hijrah – peace and blessings be upon him.

How then did the people of Madinah receive the noble Messenger

(sallallaahualayhiwasallam)? Click Here for the Answer.

BY Aboo Naasir – Hafidhahu-Llaah
Uploaded: Rabee’u ath-Thaani 13, 1434, (23rd February, 2013)

Etiquette of travelling to Hajj and elsewhere

Etiquette of travelling to Hajj and elsewhere

There are many points of etiquette to be followed by the traveller, which the scholars have compiled.

One of those who compiled these rulings well was al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him), in his book al-Majmoo’ (4/264-287), where he mentions sixty-two points of etiquette. We will mention some of them in brief, and anyone who wants to know more may consult the writings of al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him).

He said:

Chapter on the etiquette of travelling:

  • This is an important topic, for which there is a great need.
  • Our aim here is to refer to this etiquette in brief.

1 – When a person wants to travel,

It is mustahabb for him to consult those whose religious commitment, experience and knowledge he trusts about travelling at that time.

The one who is consulted must be sincere in offering advice and avoid being influenced by whims and desires. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“and consult them in the affairs” [Aal ‘Imraan 3:159]

The saheeh ahaadeeth indicate that the people used to consult the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) with regard to their affairs.

2 – Once he has decided to travel, the Sunnah is to seek Allaah’s guidance by praying istikhaarah. So he should pray two rak’ahs of non-obligatory prayer, then recite the du’aa’ of istikhaarah.

3 – If he has decided to travel for Hajj or jihad or any other purpose,

  1. he should start by repenting from all sins and makrooh actions, and
  2. he should put right any wrongs
  3. he has done towards people and pay off whatever he can of the debts he owes them;
  4. he should also return anything that has been entrusted to him and seek forgiveness from anyone with whom he has any dealings or friendship.

He should write his will and have it witnessed, and he should appoint someone to pay off the debts that he was not able to pay.

He should also leave with his family and those on whom he is obliged to spend enough funds to cover their needs until he returns.

4 – He should seek to please his parents and those whom he is obliged to honour and obey.

5 – If he is travelling for Hajj or jihad or any other purpose, he should strive to ensure that his funds are halaal and free from any suspicion.

If he goes against this and goes for Hajj or jihad with wealth that has been seized by force, he is a sinner and although his Hajj or jihad may be outwardly valid, it will not be a proper Hajj (Hajj mabroor).

6 – It is mustahabb for the one who is travelling to Hajj or for any other purpose for which provision is carried to take a great deal of provision and money with him, so that he can share them with those who are in need.

His provisions should be good (i.e., halaal), because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“O you who believe! Spend of the good things which you have (legally) earned, and of that which We have produced from the earth for you, and do not aim at that which is bad to spend from it” [al-Baqarah 2:267]

He should give willingly so that it will be more likely to be accepted.

7 – If he wants to travel for Hajj or jihad, he should learn about how they are to be done, for no act of worship is valid if done by one who does not know it properly.

It is mustahabb for the one who wants to do Hajj to take with him a clear book about the rituals which also speaks about their aims, and he should read it constantly and often throughout his journey, so that it will become fixed in his mind.

Hence there is the fear that for some of the common folk, their Hajj will not be valid because they fail to fulfil one of the conditions and so on. And some of them may imitate some of the common folk of Makkah, thinking that they know the rituals properly and thus being deceived by them. That is a serious mistake.

Similarly in the case of one who is going out for jihad etc, it is recommended for him to take a book which speaks of what he needs to know, and the warrior should learn what he needs to know about fighting and the du’aa’s to be said at that time, and the prohibitions on treachery, killing women and children, and so on.

The one who is travelling for the purpose of trade should learn what he needs to know about buying and selling, which transactions are valid and which are invalid, what is halaal and what is haraam, and so on.

8 – It is mustahabb for him to seek a companion who desires good and hates evil, so that if he forgets,

  1. he can remind him, if he remembers,
  2. he can help him, and if he happens to be a man of knowledge,
  3. he should stick with him, because he will help him to avoid bad attitudes such as boredom with travel and
  4. he can help him to maintain a noble attitude and encourage him to do so.

He should also be keen to please his companion throughout the journey. Each of them should put up with the other and view his companion with respect, and be patient with whatever he may do at some times.

9 – It is mustahabb for him to bid farewell to his family, neighbours, friends and all his loved ones.

He should bid them farewell and he should say to each of them: “I place your religion, your faithfulness and the ends of your deeds in the trust of Allaah.”

The one who is staying behind should say to the traveller: “May Allaah bless you with taqwa and forgive you your sins and make goodness easy for you wherever you are.”

10 – It is Sunnah to say the following du’aa’ when leaving the house:

Bismillaah, tawakkaltu ‘ala Allaah, wa laa hawla wa laa quwwata illa Billaah. Allaahumma inni a’oodhu bika min an adilla aw udalla aw azilla aw uzalla aw azlima aw uzlama aw ajhala aw yujhal ‘alayya

(In the name of Allaah, I put my trust in Allaah and there is no power and no strength except with Allaah. O Allaah, I seek refuge with You lest I should stray or be led astray, or slip or be tripped, or do wrong or be wronged, or behave foolishly or be treated foolishly).”

11 – The Sunnah when leaving one’s house and wanting to get up on one’s mount is to say Bismillah.

Then when he has mounted it he should say:

Al-hamdu Lillaah illadhi sakhkhara lana hadha wa ma kunna lahu muqrineen wa inna ila rabbina la munqaliboon(In the name of Allaah… All praise be to Allaah Who has placed this (transport) at our service and we ourselves would not have been capable of that, and to our Lord is our final destiny.”

Then he should say Al-hamdu Lillaah (praise be to Allaah) three times and Allaahu akbar (Allaah is most Great) three times, then,

Subhaanaka inni zalamtu nafsi faghfir li innahu la yaghfir ul-dhunooba illa anta (Glory be to You, verily I have wronged myself, so forgive me, for surely no one can forgive sins except You).”

And: “Allaahumma inna nas’aluka fi safarina haadha al-birra wa’l-taqwa wa min al-‘aml ma tarda, Allaahumma hawwin ‘alayna safarana haadha watwi ‘anna bu’dahu. Allaahumma anta al-saahib fi’l-safar wa’l-khaleefah fi’l-ahl. Allaahumma inni a’oodhu bika min wa’tha’ al-safar wa ka’aabat al-manzar wa su’ al-munqalib fi’l-maali wa’l-ahl

(O Allaah, we ask You for righteousness and piety in this journey of ours, and we ask You for deeds which please You. O Allaah, facilitate our journey and let us cover its distance quickly.

O Allaah, You are the Companion on the journey and the Successor (the One Who guards them in a person’s absence) over the family. O Allaah, I seek refuge with You from the difficulties of travel, from having a change of heart and from being in a bad predicament, and I seek refuge with You from an ill-fated outcome with regard to wealth and family).”

When returning the same words are recited with the following addition: “Aayiboona taa’iboona ‘aabidoona li rabbina haamidoon (Returning, repenting, worshipping and praising our Lord).”

12 – It is mustahabb to travel with a group of people, because of the hadeeth of ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said:

The Messenger of Allaah ( Sallallhu alaihi wa sallam ) said: “If the people knew what I know about being alone, no one would ever travel alone at night.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari.

13 – It is mustahabb for the group to appoint the best and wisest of their number as their leader, and to obey him, because of the hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed and Abu Hurayrah who said:

The Messenger of Allaah (Sallallhu alaihi wa sallam) said: “When three people set out on a journey, let them appoint one of their number as their leader.” A hasan hadeeth narrated by Abu Dawood with a hasan isnaad.

14 – It is mustahabb to set out at the end of the night, because of the hadeeth of Anas who said:

The Messenger of Allaah ( Sallallhu alaihi wa sallam ) said: “You should travel at the end of the night (or throughout the night) because it is easier to cover a greater distance at night.” This was narrated by Abu Dawood with a hasan hadeeth. It was also narrated by al-Haakim who said: it is saheeh according to the conditions of al-Bukhaari and Muslim.

15 – He should adopt a kind and good attitude, and avoid arguing or pushing and shoving people on the road. He should guard his tongue against insults, backbiting, cursing his mount or any other kind of foul speech.

16 – It is mustahabb for the traveller to say takbeer when going up a rise in the land and to say tasbeeh when going down into valleys and the like.

17 – If he sees a village or town that he wants to enter, it is mustahabb for him to say:

Allaahumma as’aluka khayraha wa khayra ahliha wa khayra ma fiha wa ‘a’oodhu bika min sharriha wa sharri ahliha wa sharri ma fiha

(O Allaah, I ask You for its goodness, the goodness of its people and the goodness of what is in it, and I seek refuge with You from its evil, the evil of its people and the evil of what is in it).”

18 – It is mustahabb for him to make du’aa’ most of the time when travelling, because his du’aa’ will be answered.

He should try to remain in a state of purity and to pray on time. Allaah has made it easy by allowing tayammum and joining and shortening of prayers.

20 – The Sunnah when stopping in a place is to say what was narrated by Khawlah bint Hakeem, who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah ( Sallallhu alaihi wa sallam ) say:

 “Whoever makes a stop then says: ‘A’oodhu bi kalimaat Allaah il-taammati min sharri ma khalaq

(I seek refuge in the perfect words of Allaah from the evil of that which He has created),’ nothing will harm him until he moves on from that place.” Narrated by Muslim.

21 – It is mustahabb for a travelling group to camp close to one another and not to be scattered or separated needlessly, because of the hadeeth of Abu Tha’labah al-Khushani (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said:

When the people stopped in a place, they would scatter in the mountain passes and valleys. The Messenger of Allaah ( Sallallhu alaihi wa sallam ) said:

“Your scattering in these mountain passes and valleys is something from the Shaytaan.” After that, they never stopped in any place without being close together. Narrated by Abu Dawood with a hasan isnaad.

22 – The Sunnah for the traveller is that when he has done what he set out to do, he should hasten to return to his family, because of the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah, according to which the Messenger of Allaah ( Sallallhu alaihi wa sallam ) said:

“Travel is a kind of torment, which keeps one of you from his food and drink. When one of you has finished what he set out to do, let him hasten back to his family.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim.

23 – The Sunnah is to say when returning from a journey that which is narrated in the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Umar, according to which the Messenger of Allaah ( Sallallhu alaihi wa sallam ), when he came back from a campaign or from Hajj and ‘Umrah, he would say takbeer on every high ground three times, then he would say,

Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wahdahu laa shareeka lah, lahu’l-mulk wa lahu’l-hamd wa huwa ‘ala kulli shay’in qadeer. Aayiboona taa’iboona ‘aabidoona, saajidoona li rabbina haamidoon. Sadaqa Allaahu wa’dah wa nasara ‘abdah wa hazama al-ahzaaba wahdah

(There is no god but Allaah alone, with no partner or associate. His is the Dominion, to Him be all praise, and He is Able to do all things. Returning, repenting, worshipping, prostrating to our Lord and praising Him. Allaah fulfilled His promise, granted victory to His slave and defeated the confederates Alone). Narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim.

It was narrated that Anas said: We came back with the Prophet ( Sallallhu alaihi wa sallam ), and when we reached the outskirts of Madeenah he said:

Aayiboona taa’iboona ‘aabidoona li rabbina haamidoon (Returning, repenting, worshipping and praising our Lord).” And he kept saying that until we came to Madeenah. Narrated by Muslim.

24 – The Sunnah when returning home is to start by going to the mosque that is nearest one’s home and praying two rak’ahs with the intention of offering salaat al-qudoom (the prayer of arrival), because of the hadeeth of Ka’b ibn Maalik, according to which the Prophet ( Sallallhu alaihi wa sallam ), when he came back from a journey, would start by going to the mosque where he would pray two rak’ahs and then sit down. Narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim.

25 – It is mustahabb to make food for the returning traveller, whether it is made by the traveller himself or by someone else for him, as indicated by the hadeeth of Jaabir (may Allaah be pleased with him), according to which the Messenger of Allaah ( Sallallhu alaihi wa sallam ), when he came back to Madeenah from a journey, would slaughter a camel or a cow. Narrated by al-Bukhaari.

26 – It is haraam for a woman to travel without a mahram unnecessarily, whether that is a long or a short distance, because of the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said:

The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “It is not permissible for a woman who believes in Allaah and the Last Day to travel for the distance of one day and one night except with a mahram.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim.

End quote from al-Nawawi.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

The etiquette of travelling for Hajj is divided into two categories: obligatory and mustahabb. The obligatory etiquette means that the traveller should fulfil all the obligations and pillars (essential parts) of Hajj, and avoid the things that are forbidden in ihraam in particular, and the things that are forbidden in general, whether they are forbidden in ihraam or when not in ihraam, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“The Hajj (pilgrimage) is (in) the well-known (lunar year) months (i.e. the 10th month, the 11th month and the first ten days of the 12th month of the Islamic calendar, i.e. two months and ten days). So whosoever intends to perform Hajj therein (by assuming Ihraam), then he should not have sexual relations (with his wife), nor commit sin, nor dispute unjustly during the Hajj”

[al-Baqarah 2:197]

The mustahabb etiquette when travelling for Hajj is for a person to do all the things that he should do, such as being generous to people, serving his brothers, putting up with their annoyance, not retaliating to mistreatment, and being kind to them, whether that is after he puts on the ihraam or before, because this etiquette is sublime and good, and is required of every believer at all times and in all places.

There are also other points of etiquette that has to do with the act of worship, such as doing Hajj in the most perfect manner and striving to do it with the proper etiquette in both word and deed. End quote.

Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 21/16.

A woman who does not have a mahram does not have to do Hajj

The scholars of the Standing Committee said:
A woman who does not have a mahram does not have to do Hajj, because in her case a mahram is part of being able to do Hajj, and being able to do it is one of the conditions of Hajj being obligatory.
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “And Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) to the House (Ka‘bah) is a duty that mankind owes to Allaah, those who can afford the expenses (for one’s conveyance, provision and residence)” [Aal ‘Imraan 3:97] It is not permissible for her to travel for Hajj or for any other purpose unless she is accompanied by her husband or a mahram, because of the report narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him), that he heard the Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) say:
“No man should be alone with a woman unless her mahram is present, and no woman should travel unless she has a mahram with her.”
A man stood up and said: “O Messenger of Allaah, my wife has gone out for Hajj, and I have enlisted for such and such a campaign.” He said: “Go and do Hajj with your wife.”
This was also the view of al-Hasan, al-Nakha’i, Ahmad, Ishaaq, Ibn al-Mundhir and ashaab al-ra’i, and it is the correct view, because of the verse quoted, as well as the general meaning of the ahaadeeth which forbid a woman to travel without her husband or a mahram.
Maalik, al-Shaafa’i and al-Awzaa’i held a different opinion and each of them stipulated a condition (allowing her to do that), but with no evidence. Ibn al-Mundhir said: they did not follow the apparent meaning of the hadeeth, and each of them stipulated a condition (allowing her to do that), but with no evidence. Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah li’l-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wa’l-Ifta’, 11/90, 91

Is it permissible to look at the Ka‘bah during tawaaf?


Is it permissible to deliberately look at the Ka‘bah during tawaaf (circumambulation)? As I love to look at the Ka‘bah during tawaaf, but if doing this is disliked according to sharee‘ah, I shall stop doing it in sha Allah.

Praise be to AllahThere is no saheeh hadith about the virtue of looking at the Ka‘bah, and simply looking at it is not an act of worship for which a person will be rewarded.

But if looking at it is accompanied by thinking about the splendour and majesty that Allah has instilled in it, and how people long to come to it from the ends of the earth, then this is something good that is islamically prescribed, and there is nothing wrong with it, whether that is during tawaaf or otherwise.

At-Tirmidhi (2032) narrated, in a report that he classed as hasan, that Naafi‘ the freed slave of Ibn ‘Umar said: One day Ibn ‘Umar looked at the House – or at the Ka‘bah – and said:

How great you are and how great your sanctity, but the sanctity of the believer is greater before Allah than you. Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh at-Tirmidhi.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

  • Looking at the Ka‘bah is not an act of worship.
  • Rather if, when looking at the Ka‘bah, the individual intends to reflect upon this venerated structure to which Allah has commanded His slaves to make pilgrimage, and increases in faith as a result of this reflection, then this is what is required in this regard.
  • As for merely looking at it, that is not an act of worship.

End quote from Majmoo‘ Fataawa wa Rasaa’il al-‘Uthaymeen (24/18)

See also the answer to question no. 96079

See also

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