The pilgrim who enters ihraam for Hajj or ‘Umrah has to do the following
The pilgrim who enters ihraam for Hajj or ‘Umrah has to do the following:
1- He has to adhere to that which Allaah has enjoined of religious laws, such as praying on time in congregation.
2- He has to avoid all that Allaah has forbidden of obscene and immoral speech and sin, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“So whosoever intends to perform Hajj therein (by assuming Ihraam), then he should not have sexual relations (with his wife), nor commit sin, nor dispute unjustly during the Hajj”
3- He should avoid annoying the Muslims with his words or actions, at the holy sites and elsewhere.
4- He should avoid all things that are forbidden when in ihraam:
- a. So he should not cut anything from his hair or nails, but removing thorns and the like is fine, even if that results in some bleeding.
- b. He should not apply perfume after entering ihraam, either to his body, his clothes, his food or his drink. He should not wash with perfumed soap either. But if any traces of perfume remain from that which he put on before entering ihraam, that does not matter.
- c. He should not hunt.
- d. He should not have intercourse with his wife.
- e. He should not touch her with desire or kiss her etc.
- f. He should not enter into a marriage contract for himself or arrange a marriage for anyone else, or propose marriage to a woman for himself or on behalf of another.
- g. He should not wear gloves, but wrapping one’s hands with a piece of cloth does not matter.
These seven prohibitions apply equally to men and women.
The following apply only to men:
– Men should not cover their heads with something that stays on the head. Shading their heads with umbrellas, car roofs and tents, and carrying mats etc. (on one’s head, when moving them from one place to another), is acceptable.
– They should not wear shirts, turbans, burnouses, pants or leather slippers, unless someone cannot find an izar (waist wrapper), in which case he may wear pants; and if he cannot find sandals he may wear shoes.
– They should not wear anything that is akin to the above, such as abayas, cloaks, hats, t-shirts and the like.
– It is permissible for men to wear sandals, rings, eyeglasses and hearing aids, and to wear wristwatches, or to put watches on strings around their necks, and to wear money belts.
– It is permissible for them to wash with unperfumed soaps, and to scratch their heads and bodies, and if any hairs fall unintentionally as a result, there is no sin on them.
Women should not wear niqaab, which is what they use to cover their faces, with holes cut for the eyes.
They should not wear the burqa’ either.
The Sunnah is for them to uncover their faces unless non-mahram men can see them, in which case they should cover their faces whilst in ihraam and at other times.
See Manaasik al-Hajj wa’l-‘Umrah by al-Albaani [available in English as The Rites of Hajj and ‘Umrah, published by International Islamic Publishing House, Riyadh]; Sifat al-Hajj wa’l-‘Umrah and al-Manhaj li Mureed al-‘Umrah wa’l-Hajj by Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on them all).