If you fall into a hardship that is hard to be free from
Shaykh Ibn aj-Jawzee (rahimahullaah) says:
“If you fall into a hardship that is hard to be free from, you can’t (do anything) but make du’aa and take refuge in Allaah, after repenting from sins, because sins necessitate punishment, so if they disappear by repentance from them, the reason (for punishment) is lifted.
So if you repented and made du’aa, and did not see any trace of response, then look into your affair.
Maybe the repentence was not sound, so correct it then make du’aa and don’t become tired of making du’aa.
Maybe the good is in delaying the response, and maybe the good is not in responding, so you will be rewarded and responded by being referred to what benefits you, and it would be beneficial for you to not be given what you requested, but rather to be given other than it as a replacement.
So if iblees comes and says: ‘How much did you call upon Him and did not see any response?’ Then say: ‘I worship (Allaah) by making du’aa, and I am certain that the answer will come.
But maybe its delay is due to some good, and even if it doesn’t happen, worship and humility takes place.’ So take care not to ask for something except by combining it with asking for that which is good, because the occurance of many a wish from the dunyaa was a cause for destruction.”
Source: Sayd ul-Khaatir; Chapter 249, p. 343