Monthly Archives: June 2015
‘This Ramadan, seek the good—in yourself and others. It’s only natural, and certainly necessary, to be aware of your sins and faults so that you can ask forgiveness and struggle against your weaknesses. But it’s also necessary to know what you’re doing right so that you have hope beyond the fear. So much emphasis is put on “eradicating evil” that we forget that “commanding the good” is also part of our faith. In fact, focusing on the good comes before rooting out evil. So during this Blessed Month, search for the good, and if you don’t find it, plant it there—in the soil of your life and someone else’s.’
—from the journal of Umm Zakiyyah
May Allah accept your fasting and prayers, and may He write you down amongst those saved from the Fire and admitted into Paradise without account.
It is mustahabb to complete the Qur’aan in Ramadaan
Can you please tell me, is it nessecary for muslims to finish the whole Quran during the month of Ramadhan? If so, can you use a hadith to back this up?.
Al-Shawkaani (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in Irshaad al-Fuhool (450-451):
Undoubtedly the common man should ask the scholar, and the one who is imperfect should ask the one who is perfect, so he should refer to people of knowledge who are known for their religious commitment and piety. The scholar to be consulted is the one who has knowledge of the Qur’aan and Sunnah and who is acquainted with all the knowledge he need to enable him to understand the Qur’aan and Sunnah, so that he will be able to give him the correct answer. The common man should ask the one who is well versed in the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), thus he will be learning the truth from its sources, and he will learn the ruling from the proper source, and he may rest assured that he has been given a sound opinion and will not fall into error that goes against Islam. End quote.
In the book of Ibn al-Salaah, Adab al-Mufti wa’l-Mustafti (p. 171) it says:
Al-Sam’aani stated that there is no reason why one should ask the mufti for evidence, so as to be on the safe side. He should tell him the evidence if it is definitive, but he does not have to do that if it is not definitive, because the commoner may not have enough knowledge to understand the ijtihaad. And Allaah knows best what is correct. End quote.
Yes, it is mustahabb for the Muslim to read Qur’aan a great deal during Ramadaan and to strive to complete it, but that is not obligatory, i.e., if he does not complete the Qur’aan he is not sinning, but he has missed out on a great deal of reward. The evidence for that is the report narrated by al-Bukhaari (4614) from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: Jibreel used to review the Qur’aan with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) once every year, and he reviewed it with him twice in the year in which he passed away.
Ibn al-Atheer said in al-Jaami’ fi Ghareeb al-Hadeeth (4/64):
i.e., he used to study with him all that had been revealed of the Qur’aan. End quote.
It was the practice of the salaf (may Allaah be pleased with them) to strive to complete the Qur’aan in Ramadaan, following the example of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
It was narrated that Ibraaheem al-Nakha’i said: al-Aswad used to complete the Qur’aan in Ramadaan every two nights. Al-Siyar (4/51).
Qataadah used to complete the Qur’aan in seven days, and when Ramadaan came, he would complete it every three days. When the last ten days came, he would complete it every night. Al-Siyar (5/276).
It was narrated from Mujaahid that he used to complete the Qur’aan every night in Ramadaan. Al-Tibyaan by al-Nawawi (p. 74). He said: Its isnaad is saheeh.
It was narrated that Mujaahid said: ‘Ali al-Azdi used to complete the Qur’aan every night in Ramadaan. Tahdheeb al-Kamaal (2/983).
Al-Rabee’ ibn Sulaymaan said: al-Shaafa’i used to complete the Qur’aan sixty times in Ramadaan. Al-Siyar (10/36).
Al-Qaasim ibn al-Haafiz ibn ‘Asaakir said: My father used to pray in congregation and read Qur’aan regularly. He would complete it every week, and every day in Ramadaan.Al-Siyar (20/562).
Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, commenting on how often the Qur’aan should be completed:
The best view is that that varies from one person to another. The one who is seeking to understand it and ponder its meaning should limit himself to as much as he can understand fully when he reads, and the one who is busy spreading knowledge or other religious works, or working for the public interests of the Muslims, should limit himself to what will not cause him to neglect his work.
If he is not among the categories mentioned here, then he should do as much as he can without reaching the point of boredom. End quote.
Al-Tibyaan (p. 76)
However it is mustahabb to read Qur’aan and complete it in Ramadaan, and that remains mustahabb but it is not one of the obligatory duties and the Muslim is not sinning if he does not do it.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked: Is it obligatory for the fasting person to complete the Qur’aan in Ramadaan?
Completing the Qur’aan in Ramadaan is not obligatory for the fasting person, but he should read the Qur’aan a great deal in Ramadaan, as that is the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to review it with Jibreel every Ramadaan. End quote.
Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (20/516)
And Allaah knows best.
People suffering from headaches or migraine before Ramadan are at greater risk of having headache while fasting but it can happen to anyone.
Fasting during Ramadan can sometimes trigger headaches and while they, most often, occur during the first few days of Ramadan, for some, the pain continues throughout the month. One study — on fasting patients — reported 41 per cent suffered from headaches and the frequency of the headaches increased with the duration of the fast. The type of headache is very similar to the headache you get when you get stressed or take tension. It is a non-pulsating pain of mild or moderate intensity. People suffering from headaches or migraine before Ramadan are at greater risk but it can happen to anyone.
What can trigger headaches
As of today, researchers are still trying to pinpoint exactly what causes headaches during fasting, however, there are most probably multiple factors involved including Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), Caffeine withdrawal (caffeine has a well-known analgesic effect in headaches), dehydration, changes in daily habits (fasting and Ramadan routine in a highly productive and competitive work environment like Dubai can lead to additional stress) and lack of sleep.
According to Dr. med Derk Krieger, neurologist at German Neuroscience Centre in Dubai, the best therapeutic approach is always to remove the underlying cause of the disorder. However, as this is not possible during Ramadan the following is advised:
> After breaking the fast, complex carbohydrates (i.e. whole grains) with a low glycemic index will boost blood glucose levels and provide the longest-lasting energy. By avoiding simple carbohydrates like pure sugar, you avoid a rapid rise in blood sugar levels followed by a fast drop that may trigger a headache.
> A cup of strong coffee before the start of the fast will reduce the risk of caffeine withdrawal.
> Dehydration during the fast should be prevented by sufficient fluid intake during the meals.
> Keep a steady Ramadan routine, avoid going to bed too late and lack of sleep.
> In case you cannot control the headaches with preventative measures, medication may be indicated and certain types have shown to be particularly effective e.g. non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) taken in the morning before starting the fast. If the headaches get uncontrollable or reach a severe intensity, it is advisable to seek specialist medical advice to exclude other causes. People suffering from migraine may also require other treatment during Ramadan.