Is it permissible to turn the zakaah money into specific items, such as food or other things, and distribute it to the poor?


tumblr_nad7aliJwc1sj2yieo1_500

Praise be to Allah

Firstly:

What is required in the case of zakaah on one’s wealth is that it should be given in the form of money, and it is not permissible to give it in the form of items or food. It is obligatory for the one who is giving zakaah to hand over the zakaah money to those who are entitled to it, but after that he does not have any say in how the poor person is to dispose of this money or to tell him how to spend it in the was that will bring him most benefit according to his view; rather he should give the money to a poor person who is deserving of it and who knows better what he needs and what is in his best interests than anyone else.

It is well-known that the person can get what he wants by means of money, unlike specific items that he may or may not need, and he may be compelled to sell it for a cheap price in order to make use of its price.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked:

Is it permissible to turn the zakaah money into specific items, such as food or other things, and distribute it to the poor?

He replied:

That is not permissible; zakaah must be given in cash.

End quote from al-Liqa’ ash-Shahri (41/12)

He also said:

Zakaah on money must be given in cash; it cannot be given in the form of other items, unless the poor person made a request of you and said: If you receive money for me, then buy me such and such with it. In that case there is nothing wrong with it. End quote.

Majmoo‘ Fataawa wa Rasaa’il Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (18/303)

Secondly:

If there is a specific poor person who needs either medicine or food, or similar needs, and it is known that if zakaah is given to him in the form of cash it will clearly be detrimental, or if his interests dictate that that poor person should not be given cash, then in this case some of the scholars regard it as permissible to give him zakaah in the form of specific items instead of cash. For example, if the poor person is insane or feebleminded, and does not handle money well, or he is foolish and will waste money, or he is an evildoer who will spend the money on that which is of no benefit, then he and his dependents will remain in need.

Shaykh al-Islam said:

Giving items of equivalent value when there is no need and no obvious interest to be served is not allowed… Because if it were made permissible to give items of equivalent value, then the giver may give bad quality items or the evaluation may not be correct. Zakaah is intended to help the poor, and the zakaah is connected to the amount of wealth one owns and its type. However, with regard to giving items of equivalent value when there is a need for that or an interest to be served thereby, or to achieve fairness, there is nothing wrong with that.

End quote from Majmoo‘ al-Fataawa (25/82)

Shaykh Ibn Baaz said in al-Fataawa (14/253):

It is permissible to give, instead of cash, goods such as fabric, food and the like, if it is thought that the interests of the recipients of zakaah may be best served in that manner, so long as what is given is evaluated correctly. For example, if the poor person is insane, feebleminded, foolish or immature, and there is the fear that he may mess about with the cash, and his interests are best served by giving him food or clothing equal in value to the amount of money due to him, bought with zakaah funds, that he can benefit from. All of this is according to the most correct scholarly opinion. End quote.

Better than that is to buy on behalf of the poor (with their consent) the things that they need.

Shaykh Muhammad as-Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

If the people of this household are poor, but if we give them cash they will mishandle it by buying luxuries and things that are of no benefit, then if we buy necessities for them and give them to them, is that permissible?

The well-known view among the scholars is that this is not permissible, i.e. it is not permissible for the individual to buy items with his zakaah and give them instead of cash.

They said: That is because this cash is more beneficial to the poor, because they can spend the cash however they wish, unlike specific items for which they may have no need, in which case they would sell them for a lower price.

But there is an alternative: if you are afraid that if you give zakaah to this household they will spend it on things that are not necessary, then you may say to the head of the household – whether that is the father or the mother or the brother or the paternal uncle – you can say to him: I have zakaah to give; what items do you need so that I can buy them for you and send them to you?

If you do it in this way, then it is permissible, and the zakaah will be given appropriately.

End quote from Majmoo‘ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (18/question no. 643)

Conclusion: giving zakaah in the form of items and goods instead of cash is not permissible, unless there is a need for that and an interest to be served thereby.

And Allah knows best.

Islam Q&A

It is permissible for women to go to the Masjid and pray?


tumblr_nbd3t6SmZi1sadhevo1_500

Conditions of women going out to the Masjid


Is it permissible for women to go and pray tahajjud in the Masjid without a mahram when the mosque is next to the house and the men in the family do not do this prayer?.

Praise be to Allaah.  It is permissible for women to go to the Masjid and pray, subject to certain conditions.

It is not one of these conditions that she should be accompanied by a mahram, so there is nothing wrong with her going to the mosque to pray without a mahram.

It says in Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 7/332:

It is permissible for a Muslim woman to pray in the mosque and her husband does not have the right to stop her if she asks him for permission to do that, so long as she is properly covered and no part of her body is showing that it is forbidden for “strangers” (non mahrams) to see.

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) say:

“When your womenfolk ask you for permission to go to the mosque, give them permission.” According to another version, “Do not forbid women their share of the mosques if they ask you for permission.” Bilaal – a son of ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar – said, “By Allaah, we will stop them.” ‘Abd-Allaah said to him, “I say ‘The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said…’ and you say, ‘We will stop them’?!” Both reports were narrated by Muslim.

If the woman is uncovered and any part of her body is showing that it is forbidden for “strangers” (non mahrams) to see, or she is wearing perfume, then it is not permissible for her to go out of her house in this state, let alone go out to the mosque and pray there, because of the fitnah (temptation) involved. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts) and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent (like both eyes for necessity to see the way, or outer palms of hands or one eye or dress like veil, gloves, headcover, apron), and to draw their veils all over Juyoobihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms) and not to reveal their adornment except to their husbands…”

[al-Noor 24:31] 

“O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies (i.e. screen themselves completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way). That will be better, that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed. And Allaah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful”

[al-Ahzaab 33:59] 

Zaynab al-Thaqafiyyah used to narrate that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If any one of you (women) attends ‘Isha’ prayer, let her not put on perfume that night.” According to another report, “If any one of you (women) attends the mosque, let her not put on perfume that night.” Narrated by Muslim in his Saheeh.

It was proven in saheeh ahaadeeth that the women of the Sahaabah used to attend Fajr prayer in congregation, covering their faces, so that no one would recognize them.

It was proven that ‘Amrah bint ‘Abd al-Rahmaan said: I heard ‘Aa’ishah, the wife of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), say: “If the Messenger of Allaah (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) had seen the way the women are behaving, he would have forbidden them to go to the Masjid as the women of the Children of Israel were forbidden.”

It was said to ‘Amrah: Were the women of the Children of Israel forbidden to go to the Masjid? She said: Yes. Narrated by Muslim in his Saheeh.

These texts clearly indicate that if the Muslim woman adheres to proper Islamic etiquette in her dress and avoids adorning herself in ways that will provoke fitnah and affect those of weak faith, there is no reason why she should not pray in the mosque.

If she appears in such a way that evil people and those in whose heart is a disease will be tempted by her, then she is not allowed to enter the Masjid, rather she is not allowed to leave her home and attend the Masjid.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 14/211:

There is nothing wrong with women attending taraaweeh prayers if there is no danger of fitnah, subject to the condition that they go out looking decent and not wearing adornments, make-up or perfume.

In his book Hiraasat al-Fadeelah (p. 86), Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd listed the conditions for women to go out to the Masjid. He said:

Women are allowed to go out to the mosque according to the following rulings:

1-     That there is no risk of them tempting others or being tempted

2-     That their attendance will not lead to anything that is forbidden according to sharee’ah

3-     That they do not jostle with men in the street or in the Masjid

4-     That they should go out not wearing perfume

5-     That they should go out wearing hijab, not making a wanton display of their adornment

6-     A door should be set aside in the Masjid just for women to enter and exit, as mentioned in the hadeeth narrated in Sunan Abi Dawood and elsewhere.

7-     The women’s rows should be behind the men

8-     The best rows for women are those at the back, unlike the case for men

9-     If the imam makes any mistake in his prayer, men should say “Subhan Allaah!” and women should clap

10-The women should leave the Masjid before the men, and the men should wait until the women have dispersed to their homes, as mentioned in the hadeeth of Umm Salamah (may Allaah be pleased with her) in Saheeh al-Bukhaari and elsewhere.

Islam Q&A

Is it permissible to ban women from taking their children to the Masjid with them for Taraweeh prayer?.


tumblr_nqxxiaFwWd1riqb5qo1_540

Should women be prevented from taking their children to the mosque?


Is it permissible to ban women from taking their children to the Masjid with them for Taraweeh prayer?.

Praise be to Allaah. Women should not be banned from bringing their children to the Masjid  in Ramadaan, The Sunnah indicates that women used to come to the Masjid , bringing their children, at the time of the Prophet (Sallallahu A’alaihi wa sallam), because of the hadeeth “I start to pray, intending to make it long, then I hear the crying of a child so I make it short lest I cause hardship to his mother.”And the Prophet (Sallallahu A’alaihi wa sallam) carried Umaamah during an obligatory prayer when he was leading the people in prayer in the mosque.

But they have to try to protect the Masjid  from najaasah (impurities) and also pay attention to the children’s rights such as sleep and so on. End quote.

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ibraaheem (may Allaah have mercy on him).

Fataawa al-Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ibraaheem (4/214).

See also the fatwa of Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) concerning that in the answer to question no. 11605.

Islam Q&A

Should children be stopped from coming to the mosque?


Should children be stopped from coming to the Masjid  with their mothers for Taraaweeh, because they cause too much trouble and disruption?

I asked Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) this question, and he replied:

They should be allowed to come as it says in the ahaadeeth: “What is good for the earlier generation is good for the later generation.” And Allaah knows best.

Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him)

Women taking their children to the mosque with them for taraweeh prayer


What is the ruling on women taking their children with them to the mosque for Taraweeh prayer?.

Praise be to Allaah.There is no reason why women should not bring their children to the Masjid  with them in Ramadaan.

The Sunnah indicates that women came to the mosque with their children at the time of the Prophet (Sallallahu A’alaihi wa sallam), because of the hadeeth: “I begin to pray and I intend to make it lengthy, then I hear the crying of a child and I make my prayer short, because I know that his mother is experiencing hardship because of his crying.” And:

The Prophet (Sallallahu A’alaihi wa sallam) carried Umaamah as he offered an obligatory prayer whilst leading the people in prayer in the mosque.

But they should try to protect the Masjid  against any najaasah (impurity) and being careful lest the children fall asleep in the mosque and so on. End quote

Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Ibraaheem (may Allaah have mercy on him) (4/214, 215).

from the journal of Umm Zakiyyah


 

‘This Ramadan, seek the good—in yourself and others. It’s only natural, and certainly necessary, to be aware of your sins and faults so that you can ask forgiveness and struggle against your weaknesses. But it’s also necessary to know what you’re doing right so that you have hope beyond the fear. So much emphasis is put on “eradicating evil” that we forget that “commanding the good” is also part of our faith. In fact, focusing on the good comes before rooting out evil. So during this Blessed Month, search for the good, and if you don’t find it, plant it there—in the soil of your life and someone else’s.’

—from the journal of Umm Zakiyyah

May Allah accept your fasting and prayers, and may He write you down amongst those saved from the Fire and admitted into Paradise without account.

It is mustahabb to complete the Qur’aan in Ramadaan ?


Perfect-Day-Mushaf-by-Hotel-Room-Window-With-View-of-the-Kaba-al-Masjid-al-Haram-in-Makkah-Saudi-Arabia-

It is mustahabb to complete the Qur’aan in Ramadaan


Can you please tell me, is it nessecary for muslims to finish the whole Quran during the month of Ramadhan? If so, can you use a hadith to back this up?.

Praise be to Allaah.The questioner is to be commended for his keenness to find out the ruling on this issue with evidence. Undoubtedly this is something essential, which every Muslim should strive to do, so that he will be following the Qur’aan and Sunnah.

Al-Shawkaani (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in Irshaad al-Fuhool (450-451):

Undoubtedly the common man should ask the scholar, and the one who is imperfect should ask the one who is perfect, so he should refer to people of knowledge who are known for their religious commitment and piety. The scholar to be consulted is the one who has knowledge of the Qur’aan and Sunnah and who is acquainted with all the knowledge he need to enable him to understand the Qur’aan and Sunnah, so that he will be able to give him the correct answer. The common man should ask the one who is well versed in the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), thus he will be learning the truth from its sources, and he will learn the ruling from the proper source, and he may rest assured that he has been given a sound opinion and will not fall into error that goes against Islam. End quote.

In the book of Ibn al-Salaah, Adab al-Mufti wa’l-Mustafti (p. 171) it says:

Al-Sam’aani stated that there is no reason why one should ask the mufti for evidence, so as to be on the safe side. He should tell him the evidence if it is definitive, but he does not have to do that if it is not definitive, because the commoner may not have enough knowledge to understand the ijtihaad. And Allaah knows best what is correct. End quote.

Secondly:

Yes, it is mustahabb for the Muslim to read Qur’aan a great deal during Ramadaan and to strive to complete it, but that is not obligatory, i.e., if he does not complete the Qur’aan he is not sinning, but he has missed out on a great deal of reward. The evidence for that is the report narrated by al-Bukhaari (4614) from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: Jibreel used to review the Qur’aan with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) once every year, and he reviewed it with him twice in the year in which he passed away.

Ibn al-Atheer said in al-Jaami’ fi Ghareeb al-Hadeeth (4/64):

i.e., he used to study with him all that had been revealed of the Qur’aan. End quote.

It was the practice of the salaf (may Allaah be pleased with them) to strive to complete the Qur’aan in Ramadaan, following the example of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

It was narrated that Ibraaheem al-Nakha’i said: al-Aswad used to complete the Qur’aan in Ramadaan every two nights. Al-Siyar (4/51).

Qataadah used to complete the Qur’aan in seven days, and when Ramadaan came, he would complete it every three days. When the last ten days came, he would complete it every night. Al-Siyar (5/276).

It was narrated from Mujaahid that he used to complete the Qur’aan every night in Ramadaan. Al-Tibyaan by al-Nawawi (p. 74). He said: Its isnaad is saheeh.

It was narrated that Mujaahid said: ‘Ali al-Azdi used to complete the Qur’aan every night in Ramadaan. Tahdheeb al-Kamaal (2/983).

Al-Rabee’ ibn Sulaymaan said: al-Shaafa’i used to complete the Qur’aan sixty times in Ramadaan. Al-Siyar (10/36).

Al-Qaasim ibn al-Haafiz ibn ‘Asaakir said: My father used to pray in congregation and read Qur’aan regularly. He would complete it every week, and every day in Ramadaan.Al-Siyar (20/562).

Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, commenting on how often the Qur’aan should be completed:

The best view is that that varies from one person to another. The one who is seeking to understand it and ponder its meaning should limit himself to as much as he can understand fully when he reads, and the one who is busy spreading knowledge or other religious works, or working for the public interests of the Muslims, should limit himself to what will not cause him to neglect his work.

If he is not among the categories mentioned here, then he should do as much as he can without reaching the point of boredom. End quote.

Al-Tibyaan (p. 76)

However it is mustahabb to read Qur’aan and complete it in Ramadaan, and that remains mustahabb but it is not one of the obligatory duties and the Muslim is not sinning if he does not do it.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked: Is it obligatory for the fasting person to complete the Qur’aan in Ramadaan?

He replied:

Completing the Qur’aan in Ramadaan is not obligatory for the fasting person, but he should read the Qur’aan a great deal in Ramadaan, as that is the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to review it with Jibreel every Ramadaan. End quote.

Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (20/516)

See also questions no. 66063 and 26327 

And Allaah knows best.

Islam Q&A
|-| Fajr |-|

A bright dawn follows every dark night...

Faith786

"May Allah steal from you all that steals you away from Him." -Rabia Al-Adawiyah

❁ طالبة الجنان ❁

لله در الصابرين

Dawah - For The Sake of Allaah

“And verily for everything that a slave loses there is a substitute,but the one who loses Allaah will never find anything to replace Him.”

Fa firroo ila-llaah

"So flee unto Allah..." [51:50]

Blog theCall

Let there rise from amongst you group(s) who invite others to the khair (Islam), command the good, and forbid the evil, and they are the ones who are successful, [3:104]

WordPress.com News

The latest news on WordPress.com and the WordPress community.

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 20,999 other followers

%d bloggers like this: